|TOC - Total Organic Carbon|
Here you will find the definitions of TOC, TC and TIC as well as their relations. Furthermore, their most common on-line methods of determination are introduced.
|COD - Chemical Oxygen Demand|
Here you will find detailed information on the parameters regarding oxygen demand - the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and the total oxygen demand (TOD). Furthermore, we introduce the most common measurement methods and their pros and cons.
|BOD - Biological Oxygen Demand|
Here you will find definitions and information on the BOD, sludge activity and activated sludge respiration (ASR). These parameters are important to monitor on wastewater treatment processes to optimise the WWTP's control.
Here you will find the definition of TOXICITY and further information about the LAR toxicity test as well as most common test methods.