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Quick TOC Online Analyser for Pure Water

LAR's online total organic carbon analyser determines the TOC in less than three minutes and thus, allows the operators to take fast countermeasures in case of water pollution.

TOC analyzer QuickTOCpurity in ATEX housing

Total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer in a special ATEX protection housing.

The QuickTOCpurity online TOC analyser from LAR Process Analysers AG is specifically designed for pure water analysis. The sample is injected directly into the reactor using a special injection loop, thus avoiding sample contamination from any pollutants in the ambient air. At the heart of the TOC analyser is the reactor, where thermal oxidation at 1,200°C takes place. At this temperature, the complete oxidation of all organic compounds to carbon dioxide (CO2) is guaranteed – without any need of oxidation promoting catalysts. The formed CO2 will  be measured by an NDIR (non dispersive infrared) detector resulting in the exact determination of TOC. The QuickTOCpurity determines the TOC content within 3 minutes.

The TOC analyser can measure up to 6 sample streams in one unit. Due to the patented calibration and validation technique, called QuickCalibration, operators can check the analyser automatically and remotely at any time. Hence, time consuming preparation, costly liquid standards and on-site validation measurements are avoided.

LAR's QuickTOCpurity determines the TOC in less than three minutes and thus, allows the operators to take fast countermeasures in case of water pollution.

The total organic carbon (TOC) is one of the most important sum parameters in the assessment of the organic pollution of water. Since it includes all carbon compounds as one mass, it is exactly defined and an absolute quantity. Therefore, it may be determined directly.

Read more about TOC measurement methods.

Total organic carbon analyzers of LAR Process Analysers AG

The chemical oxygen demand (COD) indicates the amount of oxygen which is needed for the oxidation of all organic substances in water and is thus an important indicator for water analysis. It is considered in the planning and controlling of treatment, as well as assessing its efficiency, thus forming the basis for the calculation of waste water charges.

The COD can be determined in laboratory or online, whereby these methods significantly differ in duration and consumables used.

Read more about COD measurement methods.

COD analyzers of LAR Process Analysers AG

The biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) indicates the amount of oxygen which is needed for the biological degradation of organic substances in water.

Since the generally used BOD5 excludes the nitrification part of the process, this parameter is poorly suited for the control of waste water treatment plants. Alternatively, the total BOD is well-suited, due to the determination of the nitrogen as well as the carbonaceous part of biological degradation.

Read more about the online measurement of BOD.

Toxicity is described as the direct harmful effect of a substance on organisms. These effects can already occur at low concentraions of toxic substances and are dependent on the incubation period and the dosage.

Some test methods that are available on the market can detect toxicity by using fish, daphnia, molluscs, algae or luminous bacteria and testing whether a water sample has a toxic effect on the organisms. They do not, however, identify exactly which toxins are present.

Read more about online toxicity measurements.

BOD / toxicity analyzers of LAR Process Analysers AG

The total nitrogen bound (TNb) shows the pollution of water caused by nitrogen compounds. Nitrogen may be present as ammonia, ammonium salts, nitrites, nitrates and organic nitrogen compounds.

In contrast to single measurements of the above-mentioned components, the TNb determination contains all these substances in a single analysis process.

Read more about online TNb measurements.

The total phosphorus (TP) is a sum parameter that shows the organic and inorganic phosphorus compounds in water. Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for humans as well as flora and fauna. However, the substance – depending on its concentration– may cause serious damage.

Read more about online TP measurements.

TN TP analyzer of LAR Process Analysers AG